Government continues to raise support in the semiconductor industry
The semiconductor integrated circuit industry, as the foundation of the entire electronic information technology industry, has been supported by policies for more than a decade. Recently, stimulated by the prism door incident, the country has even raised the development of integrated circuits to the height of national security strategy.
In 2000, the State Council issued Circular No. 18 "Several Policies to Encourage the Development of the Software Industry and the Integrated Circuit Industry", which gave the integrated circuit industry key support in terms of approval procedures, tax support, import and export. However, the policy on integrated circuit VAT concessions was suspended after 2005 due to US protests against WTO rules.
In 2008, the State gave major support to the research and development of the integrated circuit industry through major scientific and technological projects in the 863 plan, the 973 plan, and the Outline of the National Medium and Long-term Scientific and Technological Development Plan (2006-2020). The most important of these is the 01 and 02 projects. By the 2020 project, China will basically form a high-tech R & D and innovation system with international competitiveness in the field of high-end general-purpose chips, basic software and core electronic devices. During the Second Five-Year Plan period, key 45-22 nanometer key manufacturing equipment will be researched, 32-22 nanometer CMOS technology, 90-65 nanometer special technology will be developed, and 20-14 nanometer forward-looking research will be carried out to form 65-45 nanometer equipment, materials, and process equipment. Capability and integrated circuit manufacturing industry chain, to further narrow the gap with the world's advanced level, equipment and materials accounted for 10% and 20% of the domestic market, respectively, to explore the international market.
In 2011, the State Council again issued Document No. 4 "Several Policies to Further Encourage the Development of the Software Industry and the Integrated Circuit Industry". On the basis of the original Document No. 18, it again emphasized the key support for the integrated circuit industry, and proposed a fiscal and taxation policy, investment Systematic support was given to integrated circuits in eight areas, including financing, research and development, import and export, talent policy, and intellectual property. And amended in the original document No. 18 due to external influences caused by the reduction in the preferential strength of the integrated circuit industry after 2005, and the original support is biased towards the front process (design, manufacturing) and lighter to the next process (package testing).
In 2012, China's semiconductor import value exceeded 200 billion US dollars. Now the annual semiconductor import value has exceeded the oil import value. Improving the proportion of semiconductor localization is imminent.
After the outbreak of the prism door incident, it was proposed to go to IOE in the software field, and it was also proposed to quickly increase the domestic chip market share in the hardware field. Peng Hongbing, deputy director of the Electronics Division of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that the state attaches great importance to the development of the semiconductor and integrated circuit industry. Recently, a series of policies to support the development of the integrated circuit industry have been intensively introduced, and four major directions for policy support have been disclosed. Specifically include: establishing a long-term coordination mechanism for supporting policies of the central and local governments; solving the investment and financing bottlenecks that have plagued the development of the integrated circuit industry for a long time; seeking more resources from the capital market; using policies to guide social capital investment; Opening up encourages domestic and foreign companies to actively cooperate and use policy guidance to improve the quality of cooperation.
On June 24th, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology officially released the "Outline for the Promotion of National Integrated Circuit Industry Development", which gave clear development goals and key tasks for each link of the integrated circuit industry chain, indicating that the country will pay more attention to each link Balanced development.
In terms of integrated circuit revenue, the "Outline" proposes to exceed 350 billion yuan by 2015, corresponding to a two-year compound growth rate of 18.1%; by 2020, the integrated circuit industry's compound growth rate will exceed 20%, and the growth rate will further accelerate. In the field of IC design, it was close to the world-class level in 2015 and reached the international leading level in 2020. In wafer manufacturing, 32 / 28nm mass production will be achieved in 2015 and 16 / 14nm mass production in 2020. In the past, the manufacturing link was the weakest link in the development of domestic integrated circuits. The Outline outlines specific development goals that are beneficial to the balanced development of the industrial chain. In the packaging and testing segment, mid- to high-end accounted for 30% in 2015, and reached the international leading level in 2020.
In addition, the government began to support the semiconductor industry directly at the level of funds. Following the establishment of a 30 billion yuan integrated circuit development equity fund in Beijing at the end of last year, according to Wang Yanhui, secretary general of the China Alliance for Mobile Phones, which is close to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the country will also set up a 120 billion yuan integrated circuit support fund with a time period of 2014 -2017. According to the currently formulated rules, the support fund is composed of 30 billion yuan in financial allocation, 45 billion yuan in social security funds, and 45 billion yuan in other funds. The China Development Bank is responsible for the formation of a fund company to co-ordinate, 40% of which goes into chip manufacturing and 30% goes into chip design.